U.S. Hospitalizations for Pneumonia after a Decade of Pneumococcal Vaccination

Background The introduction of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) into the U.S. childhood immunization schedule in 2000 has substantially reduced the incidence of vaccine-serotype invasive pneumococcal disease in young children and in unvaccinated older children and adults. By 2004, hospitalizations associated with pneumonia from any cause had also declined markedly among young children. Because of concerns about increases in disease caused by nonvaccine serotypes, we wanted to determine whether the reduction in pneumonia-related hospitalizations among young children had been sustained...

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Salmonella Serovars Isolated in Turkey Up to the End of Year 2011

ABSTRACT Bacteria in Salmonella genus are separated into more than 2600 serovars. It is important that the isolated serovars and their sources are known in a certain country. This will help the identification of new Salmonella serovars that will be isolated later on. Since there is no Salmonella reference center in Turkey, Salmonella serovars isolated in Turkey were mainly reported by the articles of Aksoycan's manuscripts in various years, and in the list of Töreci and Anğ in 1991. The...

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Türkiyede hastane kökenli PVL üreten S.aureus yayılıyor..

Hastane ve toplum kökenli S.aureus suşlarında PVL varlığının saptanması ve PVL pozitif suşlar arasındaki klonal ilişkinin belirlenmesi amaçlandığı çalışmada çeşitli klinik örneklerden (yara, kan, trakeal aspirat,idrar, dren, kateter, parasentez sıvısı) izole edilen ve CDC kriterlerine göre tanımlanan 88 toplum kökenli ve 177 hastane kökenli olmak üzere toplam 265 S.aureus suşu dahil edilmiştir. S.aureus suşlarında metisilin direnci konvansiyonel yöntemlerle, PVL ve mecA gen bölgeleri polimeraz zincir reaksiyonu ile, PVL pozitif saptanan suşlar arasındaki klonal ilişki ise değişken alanlı jel elektroforezi (Pulsed...

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Cholera in the Dominican Republic

What is the Current Situation? An outbreak of cholera has been ongoing in the Dominican Republic since November 2010. According to the Dominican Ministry of Health (Ministerio de Salud Publica y Asistencia Social [MSP]), 7,860 suspected cholera cases and 66 suspected cholera-related deaths have been reported for all of 2012. As of June 1, a total of 1,016 suspected cholera cases and 19 suspected cholera-related deaths have been reported for 2013. What is Cholera? Cholera is a bacterial disease that...

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Mevsimsel grip aşısı sonrası Guillain-Barrésendromu riski

Bu çalışmada, influenza aşısı nedeniyle Guillain-Barré sendromu gelişmesi riski aşının yaygınlaşmasına karşı potansiyel bir engel olarak kalmaktadır. Ancak influenza infeksiyonunun kendisi de Guillain-Barré sendromu ile ilişkili olabilir. Mevsimsel grip aşısı yapılmış kişilerle sağlık çalışanları tarafından influenza tanısı konulmuş kişilerde Guillain-Barré sendromu riski araştırılmış. Haber: Dr. Sibel Bolukçu www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf 2 Eylül 2013 Pazartesi Eklendi

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Molecular epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii and Acinetobacter nosocomialis in Germany over a 5-year period (2005–2009)

Molecular epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii and Acinetobacter nosocomialis in Germany over a 5-year period (2005–2009) Abstract This nationwide study aimed to provide risk estimates for a panel of infections subsequent to pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) in Taiwan. In this study, we selected 12 050 patients diagnosed with PLA as our study cohort and 60 250 non-PLA patients as our comparison cohort. We individually tracked each subject for a 1-year period beginning with their index date to identify those who were subsequently diagnosed...

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