Risk of infections subsequent to pyogenic liver abscess: a nationwide population-based study

Abstract This nationwide study aimed to provide risk estimates for a panel of infections subsequent to pyogenic liver abscesses (PLA) in Taiwan. In this study, we selected 12 050 patients diagnosed with PLA as our study cohort and 60 250 non-PLA patients as our comparison cohort. We individually tracked each subject for a 1-year period beginning with their index date to identify those who were subsequently diagnosed with any of the following infections: pneumonia, endophthalmitis, septic pulmonary embolism, pulmonary abscess, pleural empyema,...

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Low risk of apparent transmission of vancomycin-resistant Enterococci from bacteraemic patients to hospitalized contacts

Background Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are primarily opportunistic pathogens with incalculable clinical significance. In addition, the effectiveness of isolation in VRE is often not easily assessed. The goals of this study were to estimate the transmissibility of VRE of patients with VRE bacteraemia to other hospitalized patients and to document reliable epidemiologic data on all VRE cases in a large health care center. Methods A prospective survey on in-patients colonized and/or systemically infected with VRE was conducted at a 2,000-bed tertiary...

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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in Bats, Saudi Arabia

Ziad A. Memish, Nischay Mishra, Kevin J. Olival, Shamsudeen F. Fagbo, Vishal Kapoor, Jonathan H. Epstein, Rafat AlHakeem, Abdulkareem Durosinloun, Mushabab Al Asmari, Ariful Islam, Amit Kapoor, Thomas Briese, Peter Daszak, Abdullah A. Al Rabeeah, and W. Ian Lipkin Author affiliations: Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Z.A. Memish, S.F. Fagbo, R. AlHakeem, A. Durosinloun, A.A. Al Rabeeah); Columbia University, New York, New York, USA (N. Mishra, V. Kapoor, A. Kapoor, T. Briese, W.I. Lipkin); EcoHealth Alliance, New York (K.J....

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New Drug Combo Helps Hard-to-Treat Hepatitis C

NIH study focused largely on black patients, who have not fared as well with current treatments http://health.usnews.com/health-news/news/articles/2013/08/27/new-drug-combo-helps-hard-to-treat-hepatitis-c August 27, 2013 HealthDay Reporter TUESDAY, Aug. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Combining an old drug with an experimental one may cure many cases of hard-to-treat hepatitis C -- without the harsh side effects of the standard regimen, a U.S. government study finds. Experts said the study, reported in the Aug. 28 Journal of the American Medical Association, is an important research step. It...

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Health officials fear an outbreak of bubonic plague in central Asia

Health officials fear an outbreak of bubonic plague in central Asia after a teenage boy died from the disease and three more were admitted to hospital in Kyrgyzstan. Temirbek Isakunov, a 15-year-old from a mountain village near the border with Kazakhstan, reportedly died from the disease last week after eating an infected barbecued marmot. Kyrgyzstans emergency ministry said a young woman and two children from a different village who came into contact with Isakunov were hospitalised on Tuesday with the...

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Obesity and outcomes in patients hospitalized with pneumonia

Abstract Studies suggest obesity is paradoxically associated with better outcomes for patients with pneumonia. Therefore, we examined the impact of obesity on short-term mortality in patients hospitalized with pneumonia. For 2 years clinical and radiographic data were prospectively collected on all consecutive adults admitted with pneumonia to six hospitals in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. We identified 907 patients who also had body mass index (BMI, kg/m2) collected and categorized them as underweight (BMI < 18.5), normal (18.5 to <25), overweight (25 to <30)...

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Mergence and co-infections of West Nile virus and Toscana virus in Eastern Thrace, Turkey

Abstract The objective of this study was to identify the impact of West Nile virus (WNV) and Toscana virus (TOSV) in febrile diseases of unknown aetiology in Eastern Thrace, Turkey; this study was conducted during August–October 2012, and included 18 clinical cases and 296 blood donors for local serosurveillance. Antibodies were determined via commercial assays and further tested for specificity via neutralization assays (NA). Viral RNAs were sought via specific and/or generic primers. WNV infections were diagnosed in seven patients...

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Investigation of an Outbreak of Cyclosporiasis in the United States

Case counts are updated Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays On June 28, 2013, CDC was notified of 2 laboratory-confirmed cases of Cyclospora infection in Iowa residents who had become ill in June and did not have a history of international travel during the 14 days before the onset of illness. Since that date, CDC has been collaborating with public health officials in multiple states and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to investigate an outbreak of cyclosporiasis. http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/cyclosporiasis/outbreaks/investigation-2013.html Posted: Dr...

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